Review: 1 & 2 Chronicles

9780825425592Eugene H. Merrill is a seasoned scholar, well-situated for the task of writing an exegetical commentary on 1 & 2 Chronicles. Merrill is distinguished professor emeritus of Old Testament at Dallas Theological Seminary and the author of numerous books, including Kingdom of Priests: A History of Old Testament Israel, Everlasting Dominion: A Theology of the Old Testament, and The World and the Word: An Introduction to the Old Testament (with Mark E. Rooker and Michael A. Grisanti). Merrill has also previously authored another smaller and less technical commentary on 1 & 2 Chronicles for the Lamplighter series published by Zondervan. However little comparison can, and should, be made between the present volume and the previous.

A Commentary on 1 & 2 Chronicles opens with a sizable (almost the size of a small monograph at approximately 70 pages) introduction to the corpus of the Chronicler. Merrill discusses the typical introductory matters, such as the historical and cultural setting, authorship, genre, canonical placement, etc. Merrill also tackles issues such as the structure and sources of the book, textual criticism of the book, the theology of Chronicles, and provides the reader with an annotated list of major studies on Chronicles in recent years. This introductory section is a must read for anyone thinking about journeying through the text of 1 & 2 Chronicles. Merrill is thorough and careful in his treatment and provides the reader with a wealth of useful information that is helpful in positioning the reader for the road ahead.

The commentary itself is well-written and well-formatted. Each section begins with a translation of the designated pericope. The credit page states that the translation is the author’s own, but the translation provided is the NIV 2011. It would have been nice to have an original translation by Merrill, but the NIV 2011 works quite well. Following the translation is a “Text-Critical Notations” section that list various textual variants found in the designated section. For the most part, this section follows closely with that found in the BHS apparatus, but the technical jargon and apparatus sigla are easier to read. In some cases, additional comments are provided to discuss the variants. Lastly, there is an “Exegesis and Exposition” section which provides both exegetical and expositional comments of the text in a verse-by-verse format.

It is clear that Merrill is well-acquainted with the text and issues surrounding 1 & 2 Chronicles. His comments are consistently clear, helpful, and well documented. Throughout the commentary, there are also a number of subject-driven excursus sections, and various charts and sections dedicated to theological discourse (i.e. the theology of the rise of David, the theology of Solomonic reign, etc.). These sections are appropriately placed and the reader will appreciate the content therein. Still, as part of the growing Kregel Exegetical Library series, the commentary shines most brightly in the judicious presentation of Merrill’s exegesis. Merrill has produced a fine volume that is rich with exegetical insights. It will certainly be one of the first, if not the first resource to leave my shelf when working in 1 & 2 Chronicles.


I received a review copy of these books in exchange for and honest review. I was not required to write a positive review. The opinions I have expressed are my own. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission’s 16 CFR, Part 255: “Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising.

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